OTD in History… June 10, 1967, The Six Day War ends with Israel victorious

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OTD in History… June 10, 1967, The Six Day War ends with Israel victorious

By Bonnie K. Goodman, BA, MLIS

OTD in History June 10, 1967, the Six-Day War ends with Israel victorious and tripling their territory capturing the Sinai Peninsula, the West Bank and the old city of Jerusalem. Both Israel and the Arab nations involved; Egypt (the United Arab Republic), Jordan, and Syria agreed to a United Nations ceasefire to broker an end of the war. In addition, to the territory, Israel also gained a population of hundreds of thousands of Arabs. Although, it is 51 years later Jerusalem has still not received the universal recognition as the Israeli capital. Only this past year for Israel’s 70th anniversary did the United States President Donald Trump recognize Jerusalem and moved the embassy there in May, followed by Latin American countries Guatemala and Paraguay.

In the first months of 1967, Syria ramped up their civilian bombing attacks against Israelis in the northern kibbutzim, agricultural villages. Israeli Prime Minister Levi Eshkol warned Syria they would retaliate, but they would not listen, and Israel’s attack downed six Syrian MiG fighters, given by Russia. In retaliation, Syria told Egypt, Israel was mobilizing the army on the border, which they were not, and Egypt realized. The response, Egypt moved troops forward into the Sinai and asked the United Nations Emergency Force (UNEF) to vacate the border, on May 19, the UN did. Three days later on the May 22, Egypt cut off Israel’s shipping access to the Straits of Tiran, an act tantamount to war. On May 30, the Arab alliance of Egypt, Syria, and Jordan and coalition partners Iraq, Kuwait, and Algeria signed a pact, and by June 4, were set for war with 230,00 troops mobilized.

With little help from outside, the Israeli cabinet voted on June 4 to give the Defense Ministry the decision making power to strike. Israel decided on a preemptive defensive strike on June 5, commencing the war with Jordan, Syria, and Iraq joining in the attack on Israel. The surprise attack destroyed Egypt’s air force. Israel was fighting on three fronts, Egypt in the West, Syria in the North and Jordan from the East. Israeli paratroopers took Jerusalem on June 7. On June 8, Israel gained control of the West Bank and also Gaza and the Sinai. By June 10, Israel had garnered the strategic Golan Heights. Although it was a decisive victory, Israel lost 776 soldiers in the six days of fighting.

The most significant of those territorial acquisitions was the Eastern Jerusalem, reunifying the city. Since 1948, when Jordan won Eastern Jerusalem and West Bank, Jews were unable to enter the Old City and visit the holiest of sites the Kotel, Western Wall. Upon gaining control and access, Israeli soldiers wept, prayed and blew the shofar at the Kotel, the first time in 19 years. Israel had control of the Temple Mount, Islam’s holiest site, out of good faith they ceded it to Jordan.

Israel hoped the war could lead to peace and offered the land in exchange for a peace agreement. Three months later on September 1, the Arab nations met in Khartoum, Sudan and gave Israel their answer, establishing “the 3 Nos of Khartoum”: “No peace with Israel, No recognition of Israel, No negotiations with Israel.” Israel’s Foreign Minister Abba Eban, remarked on the irony, “This is the first war in history which has ended with the victors suing for peace and the vanquished calling for unconditional surrender.”

READ MORE

Lorch, Netanel. One Long War. Jerusalem: Keter, 1976.

Oren, Michael. Six Days of War: June 1967 and the Making of the Modern Middle East. New York: Rosetta Books, 2010.

Sachar, Howard. A History of Israel: From the Rise of Zionism to Our Time. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1979.

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Judaism March 15, 2016: Kotel Rabbi reverses support on egalitarian space ban on non-Orthodox prayer

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Kotel Rabbi reverses support on egalitarian space ban on non-Orthodox prayer

By Bonnie K. Goodman

Examiner.com, March 15, 2016, 8:57 AM MST

Western Wall Rabbi Shmuel Rabinowitz is formally withdrawing any support he had for the Kotel's egalitarian prayer space. Instead, he is asking lawmaker to overturn the January cabinet vote and prevent Women of the Wall from freely praying, March 14, 2016
Western Wall Rabbi Shmuel Rabinowitz is formally withdrawing any support he had for the Kotel’s egalitarian prayer space. Instead, he is asking lawmaker to overturn the January cabinet vote and prevent Women of the Wall from freely praying, March 14, 2016
Photo by Spencer Platt/Getty Images

Judaism May 20, 2015: Women of the Wall again barred from reading Torah as police arrest supporter

Women of the Wall again barred from reading Torah as police arrest supporter

By Bonnie K. Goodman

Examiner.com, May 20, 2015, 1:26 PM MST

 

For the month of Sivan Women of the Wall were supposed to have Bat Mitzvahs for six girls, who were denied the chance to read from the Torah, May 20, 2015

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For the month of Sivan Women of the Wall were supposed to have Bat Mitzvahs for six girls, who were denied the chance to read from the Torah, May 20, 2015
Women of the Wall / Yael Gilboa

Judaism October 26, 2014: Women of the Wall’s historic Torah scroll smuggling reading at Kotel bat mitzvah

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Women of the Wall’s historic Torah scroll smuggling reading at Kotel bat mitzvah

By Bonnie K. Goodman

Examiner.com, October 26, 2014, 3:37 PM MST

 

Sasha Lutt becomes the first girl to have a full bat mitzvah in the women's section at the Kotel, Western Wall by reading the Torah as part of the Women of the Wall's monthly prayer service, Oct. 24, 2014

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Sasha Lutt becomes the first girl to have a full bat mitzvah in the women’s section at the Kotel, Western Wall by reading the Torah as part of the Women of the Wall’s monthly prayer service, Oct. 24, 2014
Women of the Wall

Politics October 8, 2014: Netanyahu, Obama Administration fight over Jerusalem building, American values

Judaism February 10, 2014: Kolech Orthodox feminists Women of the Wall break over egalitarian prayer space

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Kolech Orthodox feminists Women of the Wall break over egalitarian prayer space 

By Bonnie K. Goodman

Examiner.com, February 10, 2014, 4:59 PM MST

Women of the Wall are ready to accept a government proposal to permanently move to Robinson's Arch causing supporters and groups of members to splinters off from the organization, vowing to continue to fight to prayer at the women's section of the Kotel
Women of the Wall are ready to accept a government proposal to permanently move to Robinson’s Arch causing supporters and groups of members to splinters off from the organization, vowing to continue to fight to prayer in the women’s section of the Kotel
Miriam Alster/Flash90

 

Judaism January 6, 2014: Women of the Wall face Torah smuggling controversy at Shevat Rosh Hodesh prayers

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Women of the Wall face Torah smuggling controversy at Shevat Rosh Hodesh prayers

By Bonnie K. Goodman

Examiner.com, January 6, 2014, 10:18 PM MST

For the second month in a row the Women of the Wall were denied to read from the Torah during their monthly prayer service, Jan. 2, 2014; they were accused of trying to smuggle a Torah scroll into their Shevat service
For the second month in a row, the Women of the Wall were denied to read from the Torah during their monthly prayer service, Jan. 2, 2014; they were accused of trying to smuggle a Torah scroll into their Shevat service
Miriam Alster/Flash90

 

Judaism August 26, 2013: Women of the Wall protest new egalitarian prayer site south of the Kotel

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Women of the Wall protest new egalitarian prayer site south of the Kotel

By Bonnie K. Goodman

Examiner.com, August 26, 2013, 9:16 PM MST

Women of the Wall leader Anat Hoffman delivers a statement against the new egalitarian prayer site, Aug. 25, 2013; Hoffman called for a sit-in protest after it was announced the group would be relegated south of the Kotel's main plaza.

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Women of the Wall leader Anat Hoffman delivers a statement against the new egalitarian prayer site, Aug. 25, 2013; Hoffman called for a sit-in protest after it was announced the group would be relegated south of the Kotel’s main plaza.
Women of the Wall / Hadas Parush/Flash90

Judaism July 22, 2013: Women of the Wall face ultra-Orthodox protests at Kotel

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Women of the Wall face ultra-Orthodox protests at Kotel

By Bonnie K. Goodman

Examiner.com, July 14, 2013, 11:56 PM MST

Women of the Wall face ultra-Orthodox protests at the Kotel for their prayer services marking the beginning of the Jewish month of Av, July 8, 2013.
Women of the Wall face ultra-Orthodox protests at the Kotel for their prayer services marking the beginning of the Jewish month of Av, July 8, 2013.
Miriam Alster/Flash90